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For tax year 2017/2018 the UK basic income tax rate was 20%. This increased to 40% for your earnings above £45,000 and to 45% for earnings over £150,000.
Your earnings below £11,500 were tax free. This is called the personal allowance. However for every £2 you earned over £100,000 this allowance was reduced by £1.
|Up to £11,500||0%||Personal allowance|
|£11,501 to £45,000||20%||Basic rate|
|£45,001 to £150,000||40%||Higher rate|
|over £150,000||45%||Additional rate|
You can also use this calculator and select the 2017/2018 tax year so you can see how much income tax you should have paid.
When you’re self-employed, you have to pay your income tax and national insurance contributions yourself in your annual Self Assessment. Our calculator helps you quickly assess how much you owe.
However you may be eligible for a tax refund when:
In your case when you earn £50,000:
You pay no income tax on first £12,570 that you make
You pay £7,286 at basic income tax rate (20%) on the next £36,430
No contributions on the first £9,568 that you make
You pay £3,549 in contributions (at 9%) on the next £39,432 that you make
You pay £159 in NI Class 2 contributions
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