Wondering what taxes self-employed people have to pay? Just like employees, self-employed people have to pay income tax and National Insurance contributions.
The only difference is that they’re not collected automatically through PAYE. Basically, instead of an employer doing it for you, you have to calculate them yourself then file a Self Assessment tax return.
First of all, (just in case you’re not quite sure) a personal allowance is the amount of money you can earn without having to pay Income Tax. This is £12,570 for the 2023/2024 tax year (for both employees and self-employed.)
If you have two jobs, one as an employee and one self-employed, make sure that your personal allowance is applied to the one where you make the most money.
On your tax code:
This is where it gets a little tricky, so listen up! 🔊
Self-employed people pay Income Tax on profits only. This is different to employees who pay Income Tax on total income.
|between £0 and £12,570||0%|
|between £12,571 and £50,270||20%|
|between £50,271 to £150,000||40%|
If maths isn’t particularly your strongest point, there are plenty of self-employed tax calculators that’ll help you calculate how much tax you owe.
If you’re self-employed, you’ll need to pay class 2 National Insurance contributions as standard when you earn £6,725+ per year. If your profits are above £12,570, you’ll also have to pay class 4 National Insurance contributions.
If you’re self-employed but do not generate enough profit to make compulsory National Insurance contributions, you can make voluntary contributions.
You may be wondering ‘why would anyone volunteer to pay tax.’ 😅
If you choose to pay your tax bill through Self Assessment, the deadline for filing online is 31st January. There are also other ways to pay NIC:
If you want to know more how to pay National Insurance contributions if you’re self-employed, check out our detailed guide here.
Whether you need a hand sorting your Self Assessment tax return or simply need tax advice, our accredited accountants are more than happy to help!
Learn more about our tax services here.
Manage your self-employed finances in one place with 10/10 bookkeeping tools.