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What is CSP tax?

We've updated this guide on 15th February 2021

CSP tax refers to how tax works as a member of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy.

This varies depending on whether you are a self-employed physiotherapist or an employed one. Otherwise, it’s no different from the tax that you pay in any other profession. 

What tax does a physio pay?

As part of the UK workforce, we all have to pay two types of tax:

  1. Income tax – based on your earnings
  2. National Insurance – to entitle you to state-provided support

If you’re employed, your taxes will be sorted by your employer. The only reason that you would be asked to do a tax return is if you earn more than £100,000 per year. 

You may also have to do a tax return if you incur expenses that your employer doesn’t pay you back for, but this is only if they exceed £2,500 per tax year. Anything less than £2,500 can be claimed back using a P87 form

What is a P87?

A P87 form allows you to claim your expenses from work when you’re employed, rather than self-employed. 

You do this via HMRC, giving them the below information:

  • Employer’s name and address  
  • Your occupation
  • Job title
  • Industry sector 
  • Your National Insurance Number and PAYE reference  
  • Whether you’re claiming flat rate expenses 
  • How you want to be paid – into your bank account or by cheque?

What about self-employed CSP tax?

If you’re a self-employed physiotherapy practitioner, you have to pay the tax you owe yourself.

You do this via a tax return

Here are some key dates to remember:

  • 6th April to 5th April – the tax year, the period in which you record your income and expenses
  • 5th October – deadline to register for self-employment with HMRC
  • 31st January – deadline to pay your tax return

What are CSP tax expenses?

You can claim back your expenses as a self-employed physiotherapist. 

Deducting your expenses means that you only pay tax on your profit, rather than your income as a whole. And this is great to help you reduce your tax bills. 

Here’s a list of expenses that you might incur as a physiotherapist:

  •  Membership subscription fees
  • Uniform
  • Specialist shoes or clothes
  • Equipment
  • Mileage
  • Travel and overnight business expenses
  • Utility bills (if you work from home)

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