Taxable income is income that you have to pay tax on. In many countries – including the UK – not all your income is taxable.
For every taxpayer in the UK, taxable income is your total income (not just from salary) minus the Personal Allowance (worth £12,500 this tax year). This is automatic – you don’t need to claim it or anything.
In addition to the Personal Allowance, you can also reduce your taxable income by claiming other allowances depending on your situation:
- if you are self-employed you can also claim either expenses or the flat £1,000 Trading Allowance
- if you earn money from renting a room in your own home, you can also claim the Rent a Room Allowance and reduce your taxable income with £7,500
- and many others – see a longer list of tax-free allowances here.
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