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The Companies House is a government body that deals with all the limited companies (“LTDs”) and limited liability partnerships (“LLPs”) registered in the UK. Basically, if you go solo and launch your own business and you choose to be a limited company rather than sole trader, part of this process will be registering with Companies House.
As an individual taxpayer, there are three reasons that you might have to deal with Companies House:
If you’re a sole trader (self-employed), you don’t need to register with the Companies House. Instead, you register as self-employed with HMRC and complete an annual Self Assessment tax return; however, you might have to file a Self Assessment with HMRC if you’re a company director as well.
In the following cases, you will need to register with Companies House:
In the case of selling or closing your company, you’ll no longer need to do a Self Assessment (as of 2018) because you’re a director only.
If you’re not sure whether you’re a sole trader or a limited company, you can read more about the differences here.
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