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A shareholder is a person or a business who owns shares in a limited company. It’s possible to be the sole shareholder (so you own all of the shares) in your own company. You don’t necessarily need to have bought them.
Yes – anyone can buy shares in a limited company if the shares are listed on an exchange. You’re considered a shareholder if:
If you’re a sole trader, you’re not a shareholder in your business. This is because you and your business are one. But a limited company is a completely separate entity in which you can hold shares.
If you’re in a business partnership, you’re also not classed as a shareholder.
Partnerships are basically a way for sole traders to work together. Both you and your partner will need to file (separate) Self Assessment tax returns, but you won’t have separate debts and assets.
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