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  • 2 min read

A pension is a tax-efficient way of saving for when you retire from work. Once you’ve reached retirement, you’ll not be paid a regular wage by an employer. Instead, you’ll start using your pension fund to pay for everyday costs. There are different types available to you, depending on your personal circumstances.

What types of pensions are there?

There are three main types for you to consider for your retirement:

1. Workplace pension

This is a pension scheme that’s arranged by your employer. To be eligible, you must:

  • Work in the UK
  • Be aged between 22 and State Pension age
  • Earn more than £10,000 a year

If all the above is true, your employer must automatically enrol you in a scheme. Then, every payday, a percentage of your pay is put into the workplace pension scheme. Your employer will add money into it too. 

You’ll also get basic rate tax relief on these contributions. Usually, the pension provider will get it for you and add it to your pot, which is known as ‘automatic relief.’  You can claim another 20% or 25% in additional tax relief if you’re in the higher tax rate threshold (£50,270 in the 2024/25 tax year). You do this by filing a Self Assessment tax return.

2. State Pension

This is a regular payment you receive from the government once you retire. To be eligible, you must first reach the qualifying age, with at least ten qualifying years on your National Insurance record.

The amount of money you’ll receive depends on your National Insurance record. Usually, you’ll get the full amount available if you have 35+ qualifying years of contributions. It’s highly unlikely that you’ll be able to live off the this alone, but it’s still a useful addition to your retirement pot.

3. Individual pension

There are all sorts of different individual pensions:

  • Personal
  • Stakeholder
  • SIPPs (self-invested personal pensions)

With these schemes, how regularly you pay in is up to you, and the amount you’ll get back depends on how the investments perform. The value of your pension investments can fluctuate. In some extreme cases, you might even end up with less than what you originally paid in.

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