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It can be tricky to work out how self-employed cash in hand work is taxed. While most of us prefer money to land in a bank account, on-time and with the appropriate invoice number as a reference, the reality is that sometimes a client will pay you cash in hand.
If you’re employed, it (should always) come with a payslip detailing your pension and tax contributions. But if you’re paid cash in hand when self-employed, you report your earnings to the government yourself.
Just like if your earnings are paid into a bank account, you declare any cash in hand earnings on your Self Assessment tax return. You do this by the 31st of January each year for the previous tax year. Confused? Here’s an example:
And if you’re paid cash in hand during the 2021/22 tax year:
Tax on any income is made up of Income Tax and National Insurance, and cash in hand is no different. The rate of Income Tax that you have to pay in the 2020/21 tax year is based on the following table:
|Up to £12,570||0%||Personal allowance|
|£12,571 to £50,270||20%||Basic rate|
|£50,271 to £150,000||40%||Higher rate|
|over £150,000||45%||Additional rate|
You only have to pay Income Tax when you earn more than £12,500 in a tax year. However, National Insurance is different. You have to pay it no matter how much you earn.
Keeping track of self-employed income is always important for tax purposes. But it’s even more important if you’re paid cash in hand. This is because there’s no digital record of the payment.
You need to keep track of cash in hand self-employed earnings to ensure you pay the correct amount of tax. You must also be prepared to provide HMRC proof if they should launch an investigation into your earnings.
As long as you’re keeping good records, there shouldn’t be anything to worry about. But here are some of the key things you should be doing to keep track of cash in hand earnings.
If you have paper receipts or invoices, make digital copies of them all. That way if you lose data, or you’re investigated by HMRC, you can more easily resolve it.